The Udmurt language belongs to the group of the Finno-Ugric
languages. Although the Udmurts have been living in close interrelationship
with Turkishlanguage (Tartar, Baskir, Chuvash) and Slavonic-language (Russian)
speaking people for centuries, they preserved their linguistic (and cultural)
independence until recent times. However, due to the social and political
changes in the last century practically the entire Udmurt-language speaking
community has become (at least) bilingual (trilingual with Tartar in the
Southern areas). In the generation of the present grandparents there still can
be found, albeit very rarely, monolingual (Udmurt) speaking people.
Consequently, present-day speakers are indigenous, bi- or trilingual people
living in minority position.